Students Smithsonian Education
Smithsonian Education Newsletter
Mr. President

Herbert C. Hoover
Thirty-First President, 1929–1933

“Blessed are
the young, for they shall inherit the national debt.”

Bad News:
Seven months after Herbert Hoover took office, the stock market crashed. From high prosperity, the country fell into the Great Depression. Jobless Americans blamed Hoover for the country's economic failure. They called their shantytowns "Hoovervilles" and the newspapers they stuffed under their clothes for warmth "Hoover blankets." Though Hoover presented to Congress a plan to help alleviate suffering during the depression, it was never passed. He was blamed for the depression and was badly defeated when he sought reelection in 1932.

Portrait by Douglas Chandor , 1931 . NPG.68.24 , Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery .

Fast Facts
Party: Republican
Date of Birth: Monday, August 10, 1874
Date of Death: Tuesday, October 20, 1964
Vice President: Charles Curtis
First Lady: Lou Henry Hoover

Previous   Next

Smithsonian Institution

Websites A-Z


Smithsonian Center for Education and Museum Studies ©2003 Smithsonian Institution About UsContactSite MapHelpPrivacySubscribe