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Beyond the Frame
Getting Started

The lessons encourage students to delve into the meanings of artwork and the history of the artists and their subjects. Features pieces from the Smithsonian collections.

Section 1: Students look closely at details of a painting and then look for the ideas and purpose behind the work. Features work by Helen Lundeberg.

Section 2: Students explore the concept of artistic style by examining Edward Hopper’s realistic style and Roy Lichtenstein’s abstract style. They then move “beyond the frame” in a literal sense, predicting how the two artists’ paintings could be continued beyond their borders.

Section 3: Students examine depictions of civil-rights pioneer Rosa Parks and Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins as they study significant moments in U.S. history. Features works by Marshall D. Rumbaugh and William Henry Cotton.

Section 4: Students’ examine works from western, Asian, and African cultures. They move from the works themselves to consider the reasons they were made and what they tell us about the cultures. Features works by Marsden Hartley, Chinese bronze workers, and Cameroon’s Bamum people.

Note: This is an archival publication dating back to 1995 and any supplements or suggestions for off-site education may not be available.

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Beyond the Frame

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